The Japanese tea ceremony is a popular ritual which is held in the country to mark the preparation and serving of Japanese green tea. Also known as Chanoyu or Sado, the Japanese tea ceremony involves the serving and drinking of a powdered Japanese green tea known as Matcha in addition to Japanese sweets to reduce the bitterness of the tea. In Japan, serving tea is considered as an art and spiritual discipline. As a discipline, the tea ceremony entails aesthetic contemplation of ceramics, flower arranging, calligraphy, and the tea ceremony roots which backdates to the 12th century. As an art, the ceremony involves the appreciation of the tea room’s design, being around friends and the feel of the Chawan on the hand.
A Japanese tea ceremony can have several guests usually ranging from 4 to 5 guests in a small meeting. The name given to the first guest is Shokyaku while the second guest is called Jikyaku. Other guests are simply known as Kyaku. The last guest has a name which is known as Tsume while the person serving tea and directing the ceremony is known as the Teishu. Are you interested in joining the Japanese tea ceremony this year? It is possible to see for yourself, and catch a flight to Japan with HK express! It doesn’t matter whether you are Japanese local or a tourist, it is vital that you follow formal tea ceremony etiquette.
Rituals which are hosted outside the country should also follow the formal code of conduct. If you are a foreigner, it is important you learn the standard protocol before being allowed in a Japanese tea ceremony. For example, as a guest, you are required to remove your shoes before being allowed to enter the tea room. Slippers will be provided before the ceremony starts. You will be seated in order by your host, and you should avoid touching a thing with your palm. When a tea bowl is offered to you, make sure you turn slightly before taking a sip. The following are things that you should not do at a Japanese tea ceremony.
When you enter a Japanese tea ceremony, it is likely to see people seated in a seiza style or even Indian style. Unless you are a child, you should not sit like that. Remember that tea ceremony in Japan can last way too long than you think, so make sure you sit down with your legs sprawled out. This way you will avoid all the pain and agony that comes with seating in a seiza style for hours.
Before you enter a Japanese tea ceremony it is likely that you washed your hands and they are clean. So when you are presented with a basin to wash your hands, decline in a polite way. You came to the ceremony to drink tea and not to eat food with your hands. If you did not touch anything dirty on your way to the ceremony, there is no need to wash your hands again.
Sometimes you may be tempted to exaggerate your compliments or questions to the point that you sound insincere or fake. Don’t go overboard by complementing your host just to look social. A Japanese tea ceremony is a time for being genuine and sincere. So when you are asking a question, it should come from your heart. You can ask questions about the Matcha and how it is harvested or other sincere questions related to the ceremony.
As green tea is being prepared at the ceremony, you will be presented with sweets. Instead of waiting for the water to boil and the tea to be prepared, eat your sweets as soon as you receive them. As a foreigner (gaijin), you have needs to eat and not to wait. So don’t pretend you came to the ceremony to wait for everything to be ready so that you can start to eat.
As a guest attending the Japanese tea ceremony, you will enter the tea room known as the chashitsu. This is a social room where guests are told what to do, what to eat and what to say by the teishu. Do not consume any sweets or drink anything unless they are offered to you. Your role as a guest is to drink tea and consume sweets as well as give compliments on the tea room’s design whenever you are given a chance to do so. Do not take extra sweets or drink more tea than you are given.
Remember that this is a tea ceremony and not a party where you have to eat until your stomach is full. Before you start taking tea, there are a variety of things that will be done. You will be presented with sweets to eat, but remember you should not say or do anything which is not part of the tea ceremony. The tea ceremony starts when the teishu gives sweets to the guest known as the shokyaku and declares there is something to eat for the guest. After filling your belly with sweets, it’s time to drink the tea which is quite bitter. Make sure to balance the bitterness of the tea with the sweets. However, don’t gulp down the Matcha like there is no tomorrow. Take time to enjoy every sip you take.
Knowing the above tips will prevent you from looking like an idiot while at a Japanese tea ceremony. While at the ceremony, you are expected to eat and drink everything that is served to you. There will be no leftovers. However, you should not worry because the sweets are quite tasty while the tea is sumptuous, to say the least. You are not allowed to smoke inside the tea room. In case you are not sure about anything, don’t do it at the tea ceremony.
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In the movie, Karate Kid Part II with actor Ralph Macchio playing the now iconic character of Daniel LaRusso. In the movie, the tea ceremony served as a means for Daniel and Kumiko to offer and accept each other's feelings.
Learn about the roots of the Japanese traditional tea ceremony as well as the health benefits of consuming green tea.