In Japan, green teas are categorized as first, second, and third based on when the tea is harvested.
This is also called, "New Crop" or, Shin-cha. Since it is the first harvest, this is refereed as "syun," or seasonable. Japanese culture value the concept of "syun" (seasonable), and an example of it is a famous haiku where it must use a word of season "syun" in the short poem. The characteristics of the first harvest is that the tea leaves are still "young," and bring in richer and clearer aroma.
Compared with the second and the third harvest, first harvest contains less catechin, which brings less astringency. First crop also has less caffeine, but has more amino acid, which is the prime component of the sweetness and umami element.
Green tea plants take in nutrients during winter, and deliver the nutrients to the leaves as it blooms in spring time. Traditionally in Japan, the first day of the spring is February 4th and it is called Rissyun (literally translates to "spring stands up") and the 88th night is considered to be the best first day to pick green tea. It is believed that by consuming the tea leaves harvested on this day, a healthy year lays ahead of the consumer. Therefore, the first crops are popular gift items in Japan.
Good for diet (High in Polyphenol, Catechin, EGCG Element)
Reduces absorption activity in stomach (High in and Gallic acid)
Makes skin smooth (High in Taedenol Element)
Rich in vitamins C and E
0 Cholesterol, 0 Sodium
Low in caffeine (34mg per cup, equal to one-third cup of coffee)